There is a new cannabis plant molecule that is growing popular among marijuana and cannabis advocates, and it might be the next big thing.
With increasing studies on cannabinoids, the compounds found in cannabis and hemp plans, people are becoming more aware of the potential health benefits that the plant can have.
Cannabis plants have several unique cannabinoids, but most of the attention everyone gives is to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
With more research being done on cannabis plants and cannabinoids, another compound is coming into the limelight: Cannabigerol (CBG).
Most people have heard of the two dominant compounds in cannabis plants, THC and CBD. But several other compounds drive from the plant have impressive benefits as well. CBG is one such cannabinoid that has garnered interest in recent years.
We will discuss what CBG is, what it is used for, and why you should know about it.
What is CBG?
Cannabigerol is one of several compounds found in the cannabis plant. CBG is not as abundant in the plant as THC and CBD. Its lower presence in the plant is one of the reasons why it has not been studied as extensively as CBD and THC.
CBG is also called the mother cannabinoid because it serves as a precursor for THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. This molecule begins to form when the plant is around three and four weeks into its flowering cycle. By the sixth week, CBG begins converting into THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids as it is exposed to UV light.
When the plant becomes completely mature, there is only a negligible amount of CBG left in the plant. CBG is also referred to as the Rolls Royce of cannabinoids because it is so rare and expensive to procure. However, that has been changing in recent times as growing practices have taken a more focused approach.
How it is Possible To Produce High-CBG Hemp
Hemp plants are better at converting CBG into CBD, and the marijuana plant is better at converting CBG into THC. As the plants convert CBG into other cannabinoids, the overall CBG levels drop. By the time a hemp or marijuana plant is ready to harvest, it can contain less than 1% CBG.
Cannabis growers have been able to manipulate the cannabinoid levels in their plants through selective breeding over the years to produce plants that have higher CBD or THC levels. With gene-editing techniques and breeding practices improving over the years, cannabis breeders are making it possible to cultivate hemp plants that have higher CBG concentration.
Some breeders are creating cannabis strains through selective breeding that can eliminate the enzymes responsible for converting CBG into CBD and other cannabinoids. The result is much higher yields for CBG in the plant.
A simpler method to yield greater concentrations of CBG from hemp plants is to harvest the plants earlier in their flowering cycles before they have had the chance to convert the CBG into other cannabinoids.
Growers seeking CBG prefer working with CBD plants (hemp) to extract cannabigerol because they have more CBD converting enzymes than THC enzymes. It means that the extracts they get from the hemp plant may have just trace amounts of THC but nothing notable.
Benefits of CBG
The scientific community has been researching CBG’s effects, but there is much work that needs to be done. The early research on CBG shows that the compound has a wide variety of interesting benefits for the human body. Here are some of the potential benefits of CBG.
Potential anti-anxiety effects
A primary reason why there is more research being conducted on the effects of CBG is its potential anti-anxiety properties. Some experts suggest that CBG is even more reliable when it comes to managing anxiety than CBD – a big claim, considering that CBD is considered highly effective for this purpose.
The anti-anxiety effects of CBG are attributed to its ability to affect the neurotransmitter called GABA. Once a neurotransmitter is released, our neurons absorb it and begin to break it down. If this process of absorbing the GABA transmitter is blocked, you can experience a more relaxed state of mind.
Most anti-anxiety medicines used today employ this method to instill a relaxing effect. CBG reduces the reabsorption of GABA to instill a sensation of calmness and relaxation.
It can counteract the psychoactive THC
CBG is a non-psychoactive compound like CBD. It means that no matter how much CBG you take, you will not feel high like you do when THC enters your system. Unlike CBD, however, CBG has the ability to negate the effects of THC.
THC gives us a euphoric sensation by activating the CB1 receptors found primarily in our central nervous system. These are the endocannabinoid receptors that can lead to a cascade of neurotransmitter release, including dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. The release of serotonin at such high levels causes the change in perception that we associate with being high.
CBG has been shown to block many of the psychoactive effects that THC has. The compound can achieve this by blocking the CB1 receptors in our central nervous system. This is a good explanation for why marijuana plants harvested too early are less potent than mature marijuana flowers.
CBG has antibacterial properties
Several studies have observed that cannabinoids display antibacterial properties. All of the major cannabinoids produced by cannabis plants, including CBG, have a strong effect on drug-resistant strains of bacteria like staphylococcus.
CBG has been found to achieve this effect by reducing the permeability of the cell walls. It means that the compound makes it more difficult for the bacteria to absorb nutrients that are necessary for it to survive. The result is that the bacteria starves and dies off.
It is an anti-inflammatory
A prominent health benefit related to cannabinoids is their anti-inflammatory effects. While the effects are mostly attributed to CBD from the two most common cannabinoids. CBG has also been recently observed to have potent anti-inflammatory effects.
A study observed that CBG can block a series of separate inflammatory channels in the body that are specific to inflammatory bowel disease in mice. The study also found that CBG also affects inflammatory regulators in the body to suppress inflammation.
The study strongly suggested that CBG has powerful anti-inflammatory properties that can be beneficial for our health.
Is CBG Legal?
CBG and CBD are two entirely different molecules that have a wide range of similarities. CBD is widely considered to be a legal substance because it has no psychoactive effects like THC.
CBG products being produced today are also controlled under the same laws that govern CBD products due to their similarities. The primary distinction relies on whether the CBG was extracted from hemp plants or marijuana plants.
CBG products made from hemp plants are likely to have negligible and trace amounts of THC, making them completely legal to buy in many areas. CBG derived from marijuana plants might have higher than trace amounts of THC, making their legality questionable.
Learn More About Cannabis and Cannabinoids
Making a well-informed decision is crucial to make the most of your experience of using cannabis-related products. If you are looking for a high-quality education for your cannabis-related purchases, a streamlined process, a high-end retail experience, and the highest-quality cannabis available, Eco Cannabis could be the perfect place for you!